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Background[]

  • Called an alternative to the Olympic Games.

Insights[]

  • Once hosted in Cambodia (also known as CAM) Flag of Cambodia.
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Details[]

The Games of the New Emerging Forces (GANEFO) were the games set up by Indonesia (also known as INA) Flag of Indonesia in late 1962 as a counter to the Olympic Games. Established for the athletes of the so-called "emerging nations" (mainly newly independent socialist states), GANEFO made it clear in its constitution that politics and sport were intertwined; this ran against the doctrine of the International Olympic Committee, which strove to separate politics from sport. The IOC decreed that the athletes attending GANEFO would be ineligible to participate in the Olympic Games.

Indonesia (also known as INA) Flag of Indonesia established GANEFO in the aftermath of IOC censure for the politically charged 4th 1962 Asian Games in Template:Jakarta which Indonesia (also known as INA) Flag of Indonesia hosted and for which Taiwan (also known as TPE) Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games and Israel (also known as ISR) Flag of Israel were refused entry cards. The IOC's eventual reaction was to indefinitely suspend Indonesia (also known as INA) Flag of Indonesia from the IOC. This was the first time the IOC suspended one of its members.

1st GANEFO[]

Participating Nations in 1st GANEFO[]

The first edition of GANEFO was held in Jakarta, Indonesia (also known as INA) Flag of Indonesia on November 10–22, 1963 for 13 days where in total about 2,700 athletes participated from 51 nations in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America such as Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma, Cambodia, Chile, Ceylon, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, DPR Korea, Dominican Republic, Finland, France, East Germany, Guinea, Hungary, Indonesia, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Laos, Lebanon, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, China PR, the Philippines, Poland, Mali, Rumania, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Thailand, Tunisia, Soviet Union, North Vietnam, the United Arab Republic (currently Egypt and Syria), Uruguay, Yugoslavia, etc.

The Soviet Union, in a show of solidarity, did send athletes to the first GANEFO, but in order not to jeopardize their position in the IOC, the Soviet athletes were not of Olympic caliber.

Medal table at 1st GANEFO[]

In the first edition of GANEFO, China (also known as CHN) Flag of the People's Republic of China was the highest ranking nation with 65 gold medals, Soviet Union the second, Indonesia the third, the United Arab Republic the fourth, and North Korea the fifth.

2nd GANEFO (1st Asian GANEFO)[]

The second edition of GANEFO had been planned to be held in Cairo, The United Arab Republic in 1967, but this was canceled due to political considerations.

The second GANEFO was held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (also known as CAM) Flag of Cambodia in November 25-December 6, 1966.

Participating Nations in 2nd GANEFO (1st Asian GANEFO)[]

About 2,000 athletes participated in the 2nd edition of GANEFO from 17 nations such as Cambodia, Ceylon, China PR, Indonesia, Iraq, Japan, North Korea, Laos, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Palestine, Singapore, Syria, North Vietnam and Yemen.

The second GANEFO was restricted to Asia, except Guinea (also known as GUI) Flag of Guinea which participated in the qualifying tournament in Pyongyang, North Korea (also known as PRK) Flag of North Korea in August 1–11, 1965. Consequently, only 17 Asian countries participate in the second tournament in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (also known as CAM) Flag of Cambodia in November 25-December 6, 1966 which was named '1st Asian GANEFO' later.

Medal table at 2nd GANEFO (1st Asian GANEFO)[]

In the second edition of GANEFO, China (also known as CHN) Flag of the People's Republic of China was the highest ranking nation with 108 gold medals, North Korea the second, and Japan the third.

2nd Asian GANEFO[]

The second Asian GANEFO was originally planned to be held in Beijing, China (also known as CHN) Flag of the People's Republic of China in 1967 but Beijing dropped the Games. And then Pyongyang, North Korea (also known as PRK) Flag of North Korea was planned to be held the second edition of Asian Ganefo in 1970. But the second Asian GANEFO never happened.

External Links[]

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