Twelve historical NOCs or teams have codes that are still used in the IOC results database to refer to past medal winners from these teams.
Other codes used
ANT (1960, 1968), WID (1964)
Template:FlagiconUnited Team of Germany
Template:Flagicon imageUnified Team
ALL (1968W), ALE (1968S), GER (1972–1976)
CSL (1956W), CZE (1960W), CSV (1960S), CZS (1964S), CHE (1968S)
JUG (1956–1960, 1968W), YUS (1964S)
Template:Flagicon imageMixed teams
Competed independently prior to the formation of Malaysia in 1963. Now Template:FlagIOCteam
Competed independently prior to Yemenite unification in 1990. Now Template:FlagIOCteam
As Template:Flag 2004–2006
Competed independently prior to rejoining West Germany in 1957.
Two other significant code changes have occurred, both because of a change in the nation's designation as used by the IOC:
HOL was changed to NED for the Netherlands for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation from Holland.
IRN was changed to IRI for Iran for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation to Islamic Republic of Iran.
ANZ is now used in the IOC's medal database to identify the team from Australasia, composed of athletes from both Australia and New Zealand for the 1908 and 1912 Games. By 1920, both nations competed separately.
EUA is now used in the IOC's medal database to identify the United Team of Germany, composed of athletes representing the NOCs of both East Germany and West Germany for the 1956–1964 Games. At the time, the team was simply known as Germany in the official reports for those six Games.
EUN was used in 1992 (both Summer and Winter Games) for the Unified Team, composed of athletes from most of the ex-republics of the Soviet Union. Only the Baltic states were able to compete as independent teams in 1992; the other twelve new nations competed independently for the first time in 1994 and/or 1996.
IOP was used for Independent Olympic Participants in 1992, a designation used for athletes from Yugoslavia who could not compete as a team due to United Nations sanctions.
IOA was used for Individual Olympic Athletes in 2000, a designation used for athletes from Timor-Leste prior to the formation of its NOC.
ZZX is used to identify medals won by mixed teams of athletes from multiple nations (such as the combination of France and Great Britain, for example), a situation that happened several times in the Games of 1896, 1900, and 1904.
Older codes with water polo history
Germany (also known as GER) , for the period of 1968-1991 the abbreviations Template:FRG for the Federal Republic and Template:GDR for the Democratic Republic have been used.
Russia (also known as RUS) and Kazakhstan (also known as KAZ) were part of Template:USSR and Template:URS until 1991.
Template:TCH was used for Template:Czechoslovakia (CZE + SVK) until 1992.
Croatia (also known as CRO) / Croatia (also known as CRO) (until 1992) and Serbia & Montenegro / SCG (until 2002) were part of Template:Yugoslavia (YUG).
In 2006, Serbia (also known as SRB) and Montenegro (also known as MNE) split and are now two separate National Federations.
Lists of National Olympic Committees by continental association:
Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa
European Olympic Committees
Oceania National Olympic Committees
Olympic Council of Asia
Pan American Sports Organisation
List of participating nations at the Summer Olympic Games
List of participating nations at the Winter Olympic Games
List of FIFA country codes
Comparison of IOC, FIFA, and ISO 3166 country codes
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