Background[edit | edit source]
NATION, n.[edit | edit source]
1. A body of people inhabiting the same country, or united under the same sovereign or government; as the English nation; the French nation. It often happens that many nations are subject to one government; in which case, the word nation usually denotes a body of people speaking the same language, or a body that has formerly been under a distinct government, but has been conquered, or incorporated with a larger nation. Thus the empire of Russia comprehends many nations, as did formerly the Roman and Persian empires. Nation, as its etymology imports, originally denoted a family or race of men descended from a common progenitor, like tribe, but by emigration, conquest and intermixture of men of different families, this distinction is in most countries lost.
STATE, n.[edit | edit source]
5. A political body, or body politic; the whole body of people united under one government, whatever may be the form of the government.
A body of people can be both a nation and a State. The Nation of Texas was admitted into the Union as a State. It's been obscured and forgotten but the States are still the sovereigns in the United States, as the people are the sovereign in the State.